Bathroom design for designer and best design to presentation.


A bathroom is a room for bathing in containing a bathtub or a shower and optionally a toilet, a sink/hand basin/wash basin and possibly also a bidet.

Terminology in the United States

In the United States, bathrooms are generally categorized as master bathroom, containing a shower and a tub that is adjoining to a master bedroom, a "full bathroom" (or "full bath"), containing four plumbing fixtures: bathtub, shower, toilet, and sink; "half (1/2) bath" (or "powder room") containing just a toilet and sink; and "3/4 bath" containing toilet, sink, and shower, although the terms vary from market to market. In some U.S. markets, a toilet, sink, and shower are considered a "full bath". This lack of a single, universal definition commonly results in discrepancies between advertised and actual number of baths in real estate listings. An additional complication is that there are currently two ways of notating the number of bathrooms in a dwelling. One method is to count a half bathroom as ".5" and then add this to the number of full bathrooms (e.g., "2.5" baths would mean 2 full baths and 1 half bath). The other, newer method is to put the number of full bathrooms to the left side of the decimal point and to put the number of half bathrooms to the right of the decimal point (e.g., "2.1" would mean 2 full baths and 1 half bath; "3.2" would mean 3 full baths and 2 half baths).

Design considerations

The design of a bathroom must account for the use of both hot and cold water, in significant quantities, for cleaning the human body. The water is also used for moving solid and liquid human waste to a sewer or septic tank. Water may be splashed on the walls and floor, and hot humid air may cause condensation on cold surfaces. From a decorating point of view the bathroom presents a challenge. Ceiling, wall and floor materials and coverings should be impervious to water and readily and easily cleaned. The use of ceramic or glass, as well as smooth plastic materials, is common in bathrooms for their ease of cleaning. Such surfaces are often cold to the touch, however, and so water-resistant bath mats or even bathroom carpets may be used on the floor to make the room more comfortable. Alternatively, the floor may be heated, possibly by strategically placing heater conduits close to the surface.

Electrical appliances, such as lights, heaters, and heated towel rails, generally need to be installed as fixtures, with permanent connections rather than plugs and sockets. This minimizes the risk of electric shock. Ground-fault circuit interruptor electrical sockets can reduce the risk of electric shock, and are required for bathroom socket installation by electrical and building codes in the United States and Canada. In some countries, such as the United Kingdom, only special sockets suitable for electric shavers are permitted in bathrooms, and are labelled as such. UK Building Regulations also define what type of electrical light fittings (i.e. how water-/splash-proof) may be installed in the areas (zones) around and above baths, sinks and showers.

Bathroom lighting should be uniform, bright and must minimize glare. For all the activities like shaving, showering, grooming etc. one must ensure equitable lighting across the entire bathroom space. The mirror area should definitely have at least two sources of light at least 1 feet apart to eliminate any shadows on the face. Skin tones and hair color are highlighted with a tinge of yellow light.


Bathroom is not considered just a utility these days. They are seen as the room or space that sets the mood of the rest of your day in the morning, where you can spend some time with just yourself and pamper yourself, free from the worries of the world. The master bathroom or luxury bathrooms today include at least a toilet, bidet, two sinks, separate tub and shower, whirlpool or spa and perhaps more. There are half bathrooms that only have a sink and toilet while full bathrooms have bathtub and shower combo along with it. Smaller bathrooms may just have shower area or corner shower stall instead of both tub and shower. Children's bathroom may omit a thing or two but is more colorful and has energetic feel.

      Some people love to take a long shower or soak in the tub to relax perhaps with aroma candles and relaxing music to have a spa-like feel in your bath. Luxury items that can be incorporated in master baths are exercise equipments, see-through fireplaces, mini-refrigerators, saunas and even flat panel televisions that can be mounted on walls or ceiling to really pamper you. Master baths are expanding into personal retreats and spas at home are becoming more and more popular. Whirlpools, Jacuzzi, decorative fixtures and real furniture pieces are becoming a part of luxuries that are incorporated in bathroom design these days. Stainless steel sink, medicine chest, bathtub, shower walls, faucets and spigots are popular in contemporary bathroom decor though they are available in wide variety of shapes and materials.

        Fixtures in white, biscuit or bone colors are popular while chrome faucets with soft brass accents are the latest trend. Artistic and aesthetic sinks, vanity areas, vessel sinks and sinks made up of hand-blown glass are the fashion of the times. Corner shelves, corner shower with shower caddy, hanging towel bars and medicine cabinets with mirrors are all part of the contemporary bathroom fittings including washbasins in regular round, square or rectangular shapes or unique, creative and artistic shapes. They can be made from stainless steel, glass or ceramic. Steel baths look traditional and are strong and durable while acrylic baths are much more versatile and lightweight. Modern acrylic baths do not feel cold and metallic and are easy-to-maintain. Bathroom accessories make you bath stylish and elegant or fun and relaxing and can be customized according to your taste.

        Bathroom light fixtures range from simple to funky and are available in all colors, shapes and styles and you may add dim soft lights for mood lighting purposes in addition to bright light that you use while applying makeup. Bathroom faucets and other accessories help you to define the overall style of the bathroom. Traditional fixtures are more ornate and suit classic, antique, period, shabby chic, colonial, rustic and country bathroom decors while modern fixtures are slim, sleek, angular and ultra-streamlined and look better with high-tech, elite, modern, contemporary and minimalist bathroom styles. Most of the traditional bathroom accessories have fluting or floral designs while modern pieces have geometric or swirl designs.

            Sunken marble, Roman style, claw-foot tubs or bathtubs with elongated pedestal base look classic and formal while a rectangular tub with square tiles or curvy whirlpools suit contemporary bathroom decorations. Modern and high-tech bathrooms have streamlined pedestal sinks with plumbing on display, vessel sinks or sinks above countertops while traditional bathrooms have marble sinks, vanity-sink combinations or sinks with embellished pedestals. Plain glass, frosted or beaded shower doors look modernistic while stained glass shower doors look artsy, Victorian or period style. Oak seats and tanks including antique and tall ones mounted high on the wall make bathroom look traditional while modern bathroom interiors call for low-profile commodes mounted on the wall.

            People with eclectic tastes or frequently changing taste should choose neutral colors and plain styles that can easily be given a different look by switching a few things here and there. Basic porcelain over cast iron bathtub, porcelain toilet and sink and faucets and showerhead in porcelain glass combinations are traditional. Basic faucets such as chrome brass combinations work best with neutral bathroom schemes. White bathrooms can look both traditional and modern depending on other factors and is a safe choice for every kind of decor. Modern faucets such as gooseneck and waterfall faucets ones are trendy. Remodeling and designing bathrooms for people with physical disabilities require them to be fully functional. High traffic bathrooms should use decorations that are more durable and do not damage easily. Every pictures use for your idea in your design.

©2009 sdesign.All rights reserved