Ceramics design. You can watch video conference for making in this page.

A ceramic is an inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling.Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous (e.g., a glass). Because most common ceramics are crystalline, the definition of ceramic is often restricted to inorganic crystalline materials, as opposed to the noncrystalline glasses.

The earliest ceramics were pottery objects or 27,000 year old figurines made from clay, either by itself or mixed with other materials, hardened in fire. Later ceramics were glazed and fired to create a colored, smooth surface. Ceramics now include domestic, industrial and building products and art objects. In the 20th century, new ceramic materials were developed for use in advanced ceramic engineering; for example, in semiconductors.

The word "ceramic" comes from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos), "of pottery" or "for pottery",from κέραμος (keramos), "potter's clay, tile, pottery". The earliest mention of the root "ceram-" is the Mycenaean Greek ke-ra-me-we, "workers of ceramics", written in Linear syllabic script. "Ceramic" may be used as an adjective describing a material, product or process; or as a singular noun, or, more commonly, as a plural noun, "ceramics". Images for ceramicsof ceramic art in almost all developed cultures, and often ceramic objects are all the artistic evidence left from vanished cultures, like that in Africa over 2,000 years ago. Cultures especially noted for fine ceramics include the Chinesh , Greek , Persian , Mayan, Japanese and Korean cultures, as well as the modern Western cultures.Elements of ceramic art, upon which different degrees of emphasis have been placed at different times, are the shape of the object.

Welcome to Thai Ceramics. Below is a sampling of our products.

          Benjarong Porcelain
These traditional Thai Ceramics, with the handle flame come in many different sizes, colors and designs. Hand Painted, they are wonderful pieces to round out any china cabinet.

        Ceramic Plates and Platterns
Multitude of designs, styles and colors. Matching dinnerware sets or individual plates. From contemporary, funky to traditional designs. Mix or Match...
And more ...

Benjarong, the royal porcelain of Thailand, wears the grace of Thai culture through each carefully placed brushstroke. In the early Rattanakosin period, Benjarong porcelain items were highly prized and used only in the Royal household and upper class Thai families.

Benjarong, meaning 's five colours, was originally made in China, hand crafted from clay, fired in charcoal ovens and finished in fine gold plating. Each piece consists of hand-applied, real gold masks laid over the white ceramic, enabling the artist to produce a tactile, detailed Thai pattern around the gold, using at least five colours.

The rare beauty of Benjarong allows it to be displayed as a single piece or a set, to compliment interior design. Benjarong is a product of Thailand that is cherished by recipients and admired by all...And more ...

Ceramic Houseware
Thailand, artisians throughout the region produce a mulitude of fine ceramic pieces that border on works or art; but also possess true functionality, durablity and form... And more ...

Cwhite colors and designs. Mass product for bussines and manufacturing.You have ever seen in Homepro,Boonthaworn ceramic and ceramics supermarket...And more ...

This video is all about SK Merchandising. Everything from Pallet Displays, Instant Stand-Alone Displays to Indoor Signage, SK has all the tools to grab your customers attention.

3D Printing Technology : Imagine designing a 3D object on your computer, printing it in 3D and translating that into a ceramic object. and imagine doing it in an inspiring century-old factory while surrounded by creative minds from around the world. ...And more ...
3D Printing into Ceramic Art: Bits to Atoms : With Medalta's Bits to Atoms workshop (in partnership with Medicine Hat College), you can do all of this. Bits to Atoms facilitators will take you through the process of digital design and 3D printing, in plastic. From there, you will make a plaster mould from your plastic object, which will serve as the model for your ceramic piece3D printing clay or other fluid materials is a big topic of research in the 3D printing world. Polymers and plastics are relatively easy to 3D print. Thatís because they set at room temperature after heating. So you donít have too many problems due to collapses or overhangs. But when youíre layering instead through LDM (Liquid Deposition Modeling), there are limitations due to geometries, collapses, drying, shrinkage..... And more ...

Types of ceramic products

For convenience, ceramic products are usually divided into four sectors; these are shown below with some examples:

Examples of whiteware ceramics

Classification of technical ceramics

Technical ceramics can also be classified into three distinct material categories:

Each one of these classes can develop unique material properties because ceramics tend to be crystalline.

Other applications of ceramics

  • Knife blades: the blade of a ceramic knife will stay sharp for much longer than that of a steel knife, although it is more brittle and can be snapped by dropping it on a hard surface.
  • Ceramics such as alumina and boron carbide have been used in ballistic armored vests to repel large-caliber rifle fire. Such plates are known commonly as small arms protective inserts (SAPIs). Similar material is used to protect cockpits of some military airplanes, because of the low weight of the material.
  • Ceramic balls can be used to replace steel in ball bearings. Their higher hardness means they are much less susceptible to wear and can offer more than triple lifetimes. They also deform less under load, meaning they have less contact with the bearing retainer walls and can roll faster. In very high speed applications, heat from friction during rolling can cause problems for metal bearings, which are reduced by the use of ceramics. Ceramics are also more chemically resistant and can be used in wet environments where steel bearings would rust. In some cases, their electricity-insulating properties may also be valuable in bearings. The two major drawbacks to using ceramics are a significantly higher cost and susceptibility to damage under shock loads.
  • In the early 1980s, Toyota researched production of an adiabatic engine using ceramic components in the hot gas area. The ceramics would have allowed temperatures of over 3000°F (1650°C). The expected advantages would have lighter materials, no or reduced cooling system, and hence a major weight reduction. The expected increase of fuel efficiency of the engine (caused by the higher temperature, as shown by Carnot's theorem) could not be verified experimentally; it was found that the heat transfer on the hot ceramic cylinder walls is higher than the transfer to a cooler metal wall. Obviously the cooler gas film on the metal surface works as a thermal insulator. Thus, despite all of these desirable properties, such engines have not succeeded in production because of costs for the ceramic components and the limited advantages. (Small imperfections in the ceramic material with its low fracture toughness lead to cracks, which can lead to potentially dangerous equipment failure.) Such engines are possible in laboratory settings, but mass production is not feasible with current technology.
  • Work is being done in developing ceramic parts for gas turbine engines. Currently, even blades made of advanced metal alloys used in the engines' hot section require cooling and careful limiting of operating temperatures. Turbine engines made with ceramics could operate more efficiently, giving aircraft greater range and payload for a set amount of fuel.
  • Recent advances have been made in ceramics which include bioceramics, such as dental implants and synthetic bones. Hydroxyapatite, the natural mineral component of bone, has been made synthetically from a number of biological and chemical sources and can be formed into ceramic materials. Orthopedic implants coated with these materials bond readily to bone and other tissues in the body without rejection or inflammatory reactions so are of great interest for gene delivery and tissue engineering scaffolds. Most hydroxyapatite ceramics are very porous and lack mechanical strength, and are used to coat metal orthopedic devices to aid in forming a bond to bone or as bone fillers. They are also used as fillers for orthopedic plastic screws to aid in reducing the inflammation and increase absorption of these plastic materials. Work is being done to make strong, fully dense nano crystalline hydroxyapatite ceramic materials for orthopedic weight bearing devices, replacing foreign metal and plastic orthopedic materials with a synthetic, but naturally occurring, bone mineral. Ultimately, these ceramic materials may be used as bone replacements or with the incorporation of protein collagens, synthetic bones.
  • High-tech ceramic is used in watchmaking for producing watch cases. The material is valued by watchmakers for its light weight, scratch resistance, durability and smooth touch. IWC is one of the brands that initiated the use of ceramic in watchmaking. The case of the IWC 2007 Top Gun edition of the Pilot's Watch double chronograph is crafted in black ceramic.

Types of ceramic materials

A ceramic material is an inorganic, non-metallic, often crystalline oxide, nitride or carbide material. Some elements, such as carbon or silicon, may be considered ceramics. Ceramic materials are brittle, hard, strong in compression, weak in shearing and tension. They withstand chemical erosion that occurs in other materials subjected to acidic or caustic environments. Ceramics generally can withstand very high temperatures, such as temperatures that range from 1,000 °C to 1,600 °C (1,800 °F to 3,000 °F). A glass is often not understood as a ceramic because of its amorphous (noncrystalline) character. However, glass making involves several steps of the ceramic process and its mechanical properties are similar to ceramic materials.

Traditional ceramic raw materials include clay minerals such as kaolinite, whereas more recent materials include aluminium oxide, more commonly known as alumina. The modern ceramic materials, which are classified as advanced ceramics, include silicon carbide and tungsten carbide. Both are valued for their abrasion resistance, and hence find use in applications such as the wear plates of crushing equipment in mining operations. Advanced ceramics are also used in the medicine, electrical and electronics industries.

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